Best maintenance practices in your facility decrease the likelihood that someone will be injured on a property and extra costs that might be incurred. As it is usually more expensive to make urgent repairs than to take early preventive action, you need to care for your facility maintenance. Some faults such as water leaks and cracked windows can lead to expensive problems such as damp and high heating or water costs.
The objective of the maintenance plan is to sustain asset reliability and to improve its availability. The plan should include the necessary maintenance and service-type actions needed to detect potential failures before they create unscheduled downtime (Ramesh Gulati, Ricky Smith, 2009). High standards of premises maintenance are not only important for maintaining the safety and appearance of buildings but are also essential for realizing the value of the estate assets and preventing impairment. So, what are today’s best practices in facility maintenance?
Types Of Maintenance
In general, maintenance means to hold, keep, sustain or preserve the building or structure to an acceptable standard, in which acceptable standard is defined as one which sustains the utility and value of the facility. While maintenance management should properly be regarded as describing how a system of maintenance effort could be organized to deal with the problems of building maintenance as a whole (B. Hamilton, M. Wan Salleh, 2001).
Traditionally, 5 types of maintenance have been identified:
1. Corrective Maintenance.
Its purpose is to correct the defects to be found in the different equipment and that are communicated to the maintenance department by users of the same equipment.
2. Preventive Maintenance.
Its mission is to maintain a level of certain service on equipment, programming the interventions of their vulnerabilities in the most convenient time. The equipment is inspected even if it has not given any symptoms of having a problem.
3. Predictive Maintenance.
It pursues constantly know and report the status and operational capacity of the installations by knowing the values of certain variables, which represent such state and operational ability. To apply this maintenance, it is necessary to identify physical variables such as the temperature, vibration, power consumption and so on.
4. Zero Hours Maintenance (Overhaul).
The goal is to review the equipment at scheduled intervals before appearing any failure, either when the reliability of the equipment has decreased considerably so it is risky to make forecasts of production capacity.
5. Periodic Maintenance (Time Based Maintenance).
The basic maintenance of equipment made by the users of it. It consists of a series of elementary tasks such as data collections, visual inspection, cleaning, lubrication and retightening screws for which no extensive training is necessary, but perhaps only brief training.